PEMERIKSAAN NEMATODA USUS PADA FAECES ANAK TK (TAMAN KANAK-KANAK) DESA GEDONGAN KECAMATAN BAKI KABUPATEN SUKOHARJO
Senin, 10 September 2012 03:02

ABSTRAK
Kasus kecacingan banyak didapatkan di Negara-negara tropis, termasuk Indonesia. Penularan kecacingan umumnya melalui tanah, disebut soil transmitted helminthes. Cacing yang sering menginfeksi manusia adalah Ascaris lumbricoides, Hook Worm, Trichuris trichiura, Strongyloides stercoralis, Oxyuris vermicuralis dan Trichinella spiralis. Infeksi cacing sebagian besar tidak menunjukkan gejala penyakit, namun gejala klinis dapat muncul dalam jangka waktu yang lama antara lain berupa gejala kurang gizi, anemia, serta kelainan organ-organ dalam lain. Penelitian dilakukan pada anak-anak usia TK yang belum minum obat cacing. Sampel faeces diambil dari murid-murid di Taman Kanak-kanak di desa Gedongan, kecamatan Baki, kabupaten Sukoharjo pada tanggal 13 Februari 2012. Pemeriksaan dilakukan dengan metode “Direct” pengendapan formalin pada tanggal 14 Februari 2012. Pemeriksaan faeces dimaksudkan untuk mendiagnosa adanya nematoda usus antara lain Ascaris lumbricoides, Hook worm, Trichuris trichiura , Oxyuris vermicuralis. Pemeriksaan dilakukan terhadap 31 sampel faeces anak TK. Pada hasil pemeriksaan didapatkan 6 sampel faeces terinfeksi nematoda usus atau 19,4%, sedangkan 25 sampel feces tidak ditemukan adanya nematoda usus atau 80,6%. Dari 6 sampel faeces yang terinfeksi nematoda usus, didapatkan 4 sampel faeces terdapat telur Ascaris lumbricoides, 2 sampel faeces terdapat telur Oxyuris vermicuralis.

Kata kunci: kecacingan, nematoda usus, faeces, pemeriksaan metode direct

ABSTRACT
Helminthic infection is a common case in tropical countries, including Indonesia. The infection is usually facilitated by soil, which is well known as soil transmitted helminthes. The worms taking account into being responsible for this disease are Ascaris lumbricoides, Hook Worm, Trichuris trichiura, Strongyloides stercoralis, Oxvuris vermicuralis and Trichinella spiralis. Helminthic infections are often without symptoms; however, clinical symptoms may be diagnosed in a long term after infection as mal-nutrition symptom, anemia, and other internal organs’ disfunction. And research on this helminthic infection has been undergone on kindergarten students who have not taken any drug or medication to treat or prevent helminthic infection. Samples of faeces were taken from kindergarten students in Gedongan village Baki district Sukoharjo municipality on 13 February 2012.The research was done by performing the “Direct” method of formalin sedimentation on 14 February 2012. Faeces observation was intended to diagnose intestinal nematode, among others; Ascaris lumbricoides, Hook Worm, Trichuris trichiura, Oxyuris vermicuralis. The research was performed on 31 samples of kindergarten students’ faeces. The result shows that 6 samples or as much as 19,4 % are infected by intestinal nematode , whilst 25 samples or as much as 80,6% show the absence of intestinal nematode. Ascaris lumbricoides eggs were found in 4 out of 6 samples infected by intestinal nematode, and Oxvuris vermicuralis was found in the 2 others.

Keywords: helminthic infection, intestinal nematode, faeces, direct research method 

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